The Prophet's invasions

The Prophet’s invasions in order, their causes and consequences-1

The Prophet’s invasions

The Battle of Wadan or Al-Abwaa
Battle of Powat…
clan raid…
Safwan Battle…
Battle of Badr …
Battle of Chadr from Bani Sulaym…
Battle of Banu Qaynuqa’
Suwaiq raid
And other invasions, you will find them in the series of articles on the battles of the Messenger in order.

The Prophet’s invasions in order, their causes and consequences.

The Prophet's invasions

The number of raids led by the Prophet Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace, reached 27; All of them took place after the migration from Mecca to Medina,

and the first battle of the Messenger was the Battle of Al-Abwaa, and the last battle of the Messenger was the Battle of Tabuk.

As for the meaning of the word Ghazwa, it is fighting the enemy.

The Prophet was in it, and the Messenger had invaded many of the invasions in which fighting took place,

such as: the Battle of Badr, the Battle of Banu Qaynuqa, and the Battle of Tabuk.

The Battle of Bahran, the Battle of Najd, the Battle of Dumat al-Jandal, the Battle of Bani Lihyan, and the Battle of Dhat al-Raqqa.

This article talks about the battles of the Prophet, and it includes:

The number of conquests of the Prophet.

The Prophet’s first and last raids.

The meaning of the word raid, and the difference between the invasion and the secret.

The names of the Prophet’s invasions that took place and did not lead to a fight.

About the Prophet’s conquests

The number of the Prophet’s conquests
The number of the Messenger’s, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, campaigns amounted to 27, and all of them took place after the migration to Medina,

and that was after God Almighty had given permission to the Muslims to repel the aggression of the polytheists and to initiate their fight so that the religion of God Almighty would spread.

Be done, and there is no aggression except against the wrongdoers.

” [Surat Al-Baqarah: 193]

The Prophet’s first raids

The Battle of Al Abwa or Wadan is the first battle that took place in Islam, and it took place in Safar of the second year of migration, and the number of Muslims participating in it was 70 companions,

and the leader of the invasion was the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace.

Any altercations between Muslims and infidels, and through this battle the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, was able to obtain a peace treaty with the master of Banu Damra Amr bin Makhshi al-Damari,

and it stipulated the following: And they will have victory over those who attack them, unless they fight the religion of God, not even the Sea of ​​Sufa, and if the Prophet calls them to his victory, they answer him.)

It is worth noting that before the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace, went to battle, he appointed the companion Saad bin Muadh to be the caliph of Medina until his return.

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The last conquests of the Prophet

The Battle of Tabuk is the last of the invasions led by the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, and it took place in the month of Rajab of the ninth Hijri year, and this battle took 50 days, of which he stayed 20 days in Tabuk.

As for the reason for this invasion, is that the Romans felt threatened by the Muslims, so the Romans decided to come out with an army of up to 40 thousand fighters, compared to 30 thousand fighters from the Muslim army,

and the battle ended without any fighting between the two armies, because the Roman army was dispersed in the country And the lands for fear of confrontation,

and this led to the Romans’ fear and their abandonment of the idea of ​​war with the Muslims, but rather they decided to unite and ally with them as the first force in the region,

and the best thing that this battle revealed were the trampled, hypocritical people who live among the Muslims.

What does the word invasion mean?
The expedition, linguistically, means intent to fight the enemy, and it is the conquest of the enemy and the silence of the zay.

The difference between secrecy and conquest

The company is the army that went to fight the enemy and did not go out with the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him. As for the battle, the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, goes out.

There were many reasons that prompted the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, to make some raids; Including responding to the aggression of the infidels who plot against the Muslims to eliminate them,

securing the believers and protecting them from the infidels who try to seduce them from their religion, in addition to defending the homeland, religion, self, and family,

and protecting the Islamic call, and finally to discipline those who break the covenant.

The names of the Prophe

battles in which the fighting took place

Battle of Badr

The Battle of Badr took place on the 17th of Ramadan in the second Hijri year, during which the Muslims scored their most wonderful victories, and the Muslims gained a great position.

It is a well located between Medina and Mecca, and the reasons for the Battle of Badr are as follows:

God Almighty has authorized Muslims to migrate from Mecca to Medina; This is because of the harsh treatment of the infidels with the Muslims, but the Quraish continued to loot the property of the Muslims.

The Prophet learned about the presence of a caravan of Quraish loaded with money and goods coming from the Levant and will pass near the city before returning to Makkah Al-Mukarramah,

so he decided that the Muslims would intercept that caravan led by Abu Sufyan, who in turn managed to escape by changing its route,

and sending a messenger to the Quraish asking for their support and support Quraysh responded to him and went out to fight the Muslims.

The Muslims settled in a place near the dune of tenderness in the lower enemy, and it was an area surrounded by three sides.

Then the Muslims moved to another place and built an arbor of palm trees.

The Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, spent the night praying and supplicating to the Lord of the Worlds to help the Muslims, then the fighting began between the two parties.

The number of infidels were involved in the Battle of Badr 1000 fighters, while the number of Muslims 313 fighters, but God supplied them with angels from heaven, he said,

the Almighty God has Badr your victory and you humble fear Allah, that ye may be thankful as it says to the believers because enough about that Amdkm your Lord three thousand The angels will descend,

but if you are patient and pious, and they come to you from their spontaneous wake, this will provide you with relief from your Lord’s verse 123.

14 Muslims were martyred, 70 polytheists were killed, 70 were captured, and the Muslims took a lot of spoils.

Battle of Banu Qaynuqa

The Battle of Banu Qaynuqa took place less than a month after the end of the Battle of Badr and the victory of the Muslims in it.

The real issue of the Muslims’ siege of them is that a Muslim woman went to the shop of one of the Jewish goldsmiths and began to deceive her into revealing her face,

but she refused. The Muslim Jews became angry, and when the Messenger learned of the incident, the Jews besieged their fortresses for 15 nights,

and this led to their surrender and acceptance of his rule. with their money.

The Suwaiq Conquest

The Suwaiq Battle took place in the month of Dhu al-Hijjah in the second year of the Prophet’s migration, and it was called by this name because the polytheists had the Suwaiq;

It is fried wheat and barley that is milled and then soaked in water, ghee or honey and then eaten, and supplies and goods. He appointed Abu Lubaba to take over Medina during this battle,

and the reason why the Prophet, peace be upon him, made this battle was that the infidels of Quraish seized the money of the immigrant Muslims in Mecca, and therefore the battle had to be fought for economic goals.

Battle of Uhud

The Battle of Uhud took place on the 7th of Shawwal in the third year of the Hijrah, and it was called so because the battle was in a place called Uhud.

On the winter and summer trips, just as the sovereignty of Quraysh began to collapse,

they wanted revenge against the Muslims in general and the Messenger, peace be upon him, in particular. As for the Muslims, they aimed to defend their faith.

Abu Sufyan gathered approximately 3,000 men and 200 knights from the Quraish and the surrounding Arab tribes, and ordered that slaves and women be taken to protect them and to make an effort to defend their honor.

The Messenger, peace be upon him, gathered his companions and consulted them, which is better to stay in the city and take shelter in it, or to go out to meet the enemy,

but the Muslims insisted on confronting the enemy, so they prepared and went out on Friday night and the number of Muslims was a thousand fighters, and the Messenger put some guards to guard the city.

The Messenger, peace be upon him, led the Muslim army, while the polytheists were led by Khalid bin Al-Walid, and the fighting began, and the victory was the ally of the Muslims in the beginning,

as 11 polytheists were killed and none of the Muslims fell, and this led to the collapse of the morale of the infidels, and the Muslims were in control in this situation.

The infidels began to flee the battle by gradually retreating, then they fled towards Mecca, leaving behind their women and slaves.

The Muslims thought that the battle was over, and some of them violated the orders of the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and left their places to get the spoils,

and here Khalid bin Al-Walid took advantage of this gap and surrounded the Muslims and surrounded them from both sides.

Reaching the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him, and hitting him on the face with a stone led to a fracture of his nose; Which reversed the outcome of the battle and the polytheists won in it,

as his face was full of wounds and his forehead was torn, his quadriceps were broken, his gums were injured, and his knees and right shoulder were damaged when Ibn Qammeh tried to kill him.

The most important martyrs of the Battle of Uhud: Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib, Abdullah bin Jahsh, Hanzala bin Abi Amer, Saad bin Al-Rabie, Musab bin Omair.

Red Lion’s Battle

The battle of Hamra al-Assad took place on the 16th of Shawwal of the third year of migration, i.e. a few days after the end of the Battle of Uhud.

The Muslims made this battle to restore their dignity after what happened to them in the Battle of Uhud, so they went to an area called Hamra al-Assad, which is 8 miles away from Medina.

Al Munawwarah to intimidate the enemy of God and His Messenger, and to restore the Muslims’ strength and raise their morale after the defeat they suffered.

Here, Abu Sufyan ordered the Muslim army to return to fight the Muslims. The total number of Muslims participating in the invasion was 630 fighters,

then the Muslims sat in Hamra al-Assad for 3 days, which are Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays, and they lit 500 flames of fire to spread terror in the hearts of the polytheists,

and on Friday the Muslims returned victorious after 5 days in this battle, and it is worth noting that That the Messenger appointed Abdullah Ibn Umm Maktum as successor in Medina until his return,

and the Muslims returned victorious, untouched by harm to their homes, and it was a psychological war without losses for both parties,

but it dispelled the feelings of despair and betrayal that afflicted the Muslims and they felt pride and honor.

Victory, invincibility and strength, which they felt after their compliance with the command of God Almighty and the commands of His Messenger.

Battle of Banu an-Nadir

The Battle of Banu al-Nadir took place in Rabi’ al-Awwal of the fourth year of migration, 6 months after the Battle of Uhud, and the reason was that the Messenger, peace and blessings be upon him,

had gone to Banu al-Nadir to talk to them about the killing of Banu Amer and asked for blood money for them, but Banu al-Nadir were planning to betray the Messenger, may God bless him and grant him peace.

May God’s prayers and peace be upon him, as he was waiting for them outside the house and they were talking among themselves that one of them would come out to the top of the wall and throw a rock at him to kill him,

so God Almighty revealed to him the matter, so he returned to Mecca and informed the companions, may God be pleased with them, and resolved to evacuate them from their land.

The Messenger, peace be upon him, sent the companion Muhammad bin Salamah al-Awsi to Banu al-Nadir to warn them to leave the fortress and to leave their lands and give them a period of 10 days as a respite, but in the event of their refusal, they will be killed and beheaded.

The head of the Jewish hypocrites, Abdullah bin Abi bin Salul, intervened and tempted them that their fortresses were impregnable and asked them not to leave their lands and fortresses,

and told them that he had more than two thousand men to defend them and protect them from the Muslims.

The Jews from Bani al-Nadir began preparing fortresses and supplies and were waiting for the forces of Abdullah bin Ubayy bin Salul,

but the time was long and these forces did not come.
The Jews of Bani al-Nadir camped inside the castles and fortresses for a long time, and the Muslims were unable to expel them,

and their siege continued for 6 nights.
The Messenger, peace be upon him, ordered the cutting of palm trees, then burning them and destroying their fortresses.

God cast terror into the hearts of the hypocrites, and they were unable to approach the fortress to confront the Muslims, and here the Jews despaired of the periods awaiting him,

so they resolved to seek forgiveness and reconciliation with the Prophet Muhammad, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him.

They required that every Jew should have 3 camels to carry food, provisions, and drink, and they were not allowed to carry weapons.

The Jews of Banu al-Nadir left for Sham and Khaybar, and among the most famous of their nobles who traveled were Huyay ibn al-Akhtab, and al-Rabi` ibn Abi al-Haqiq.

The Banu al-Nadir gathered all their instruments used in playing from tambourines and flutes, and they ordered the boys and slave girls to play while they were leaving the fortresses.

Bani al-Nadir left a lot of the spoils and spoils that the Muslims plundered.

Battle of the partie

The Battle of the Parties was given this name because of the Banu al-Nadir’s call to war against Islam and the response of several parties, namely the polytheists of Mecca,

the Jews from outside Medina, the Banu Qurayzah, the hypocrites, the polytheists of the Arab tribes and Ghatafan, but their hope was dashed in the elimination of Islam and Muslims,

and it was named after the Battle of the Trench. Also because of digging a trench around the city.

The battle of the parties took place in the month of Shawwal of the fifth year of migration,

and the reason for the invasion of the parties was the desire of the Jews of Bani al-Nadir to take revenge after the Messenger Muhammad, may God bless him and grant him peace,

expelled them from Medina, so the nobles of the Jews of Bani al-Nadir, such as Hayy bin Akhtab and Salam bin Mashkam, worked by meeting with the nobles of Quraish ,

and inciting them to war against the Messenger, peace be upon him, and the Muslims, and they promised them victory and assistance,

then the Jews began to incite Ghatafan against the Muslims, so they responded to them.

The number of Muslims participating in the invasion reached 3,000 fighters, 8 of whom were martyred, and among them was the leader of the Aws, Saad bin Muadh.

The number of polytheists participating in the invasion reached 10,000 fighters, including 4,000 from Quraish, Banu Kinana and the people of Tihama, along with 300 mare, 1,500 camels,

700 fighters from Banu Salim, 1,000 fighters from Ghatafan, 400 fighters from Banu Murra, and 400 fighters from Banu Ashja’. 3 of them were killed;

They are Nawfal bin Abdullah Al-Makhzoumi, Amr bin Abd Wad Al-Amiri and his son Hasal.

The polytheists went to Medina to plot against the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and his companions, then they headed towards Medina.

The Prophet ordered the digging of the trench from the north, taking the advice of Salman the Persian, because the mountains surround it on all its sides except for the north, from which the polytheists will attack them.

The polytheists were surprised by the trench and were unable to enter the city.

The leader of the Jews, Huyi bin Akhtab, went to the southern region inhabited by the Jews of Banu Qurayza, and urged their leader to break the covenant between him and the Messenger, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, but he refused.

The Prophet indicated a reconciliation contract with the polytheists in exchange for a third of the fruits of Medina, but the Ansar refused,

for the pride of the Muslims, and the fighting began between them after the polytheists began entering from the narrow corners of the trench, and the Muslims killed them.

The companion Naim bin Masoud came to the Prophet and announced his conversion to Islam, which he hides from his people.

The Prophet ordered him to protect the Muslims and defend them, as war is a deception. So Naim differentiated between the polytheists and Banu Qurayza until suspicion arose between them.

He told them that the Jews communicated with him and showed their remorse for breaking the covenant between them and the Prophet And the Muslims asked him to take hostages from the Quraish,

and he went to Ghatafan and mentioned something similar to them.
God sent on the polytheists a strong and cold wind, which overturned their tents and their pots, which spread terror in the hearts of the polytheists and made them leave their place.

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